# Carvalho Camille

# Research interests

Partial Differential Equations, Waves propagation, Electromagnetism, Scattering, Metamaterials and Plasmonics Modeling, Numerical Analysis, Simulation and scientific computing, Finite Elements Method, Spectral theory, waveguides, PMLs, Kondratiev theory, singularities, Boundary integral methods, Asymptotic analysis

# Current research projects

Plasmonic structures are made of a positive material (dielectrics) and and a negative meterial (likie metals at optical frequencies or metamaterials). At optical frequencies metals exhibit unusual electromagnetic properties like a negative permittivity. Due to this sign-changing permittivity, there exist surface electromagnetic waves at the metal-dielectric interface called surface plasmons. Guiding and confining such particular waves in nanophotonic devices reveal a great interest to overcome the diffraction limit, in nanophotonic sensing and related applications.

Mathematically, such change of sign makes the classical theoretical and numerical tools to study electromagnetic problems unusuable. The goal is to provide a model for the plasmonic waves, and develop numerical methods to accurately capture the near-field. The objective of this reserach project is computing accurately near fields in plasmonic structures, by combning several methods: finite elements method, boundary integral representation, and asymptotics.

## Multi-scale FEM method for problems with sign-changing coefficients

Electromagnetic problems in plasmonic structures (scattering problems, waveguide problems, interior transmission eigenproblems) require particular treatments to design efficient numerical methods to accurately evaluate near-fields. It has been shown that hyper-oscillating singularities, called back-holes waves, appear at the corners in those problems, and need to be well-approximated to accurately predict the near-field. Finite-element-based methods are developed to capture those singularities: this may include specific mesh requirements, the use of Perfecly Matched Layers, or singularity extraction to relax the numerical method. One objective of this project is to provide a open-source code to handle arbitrary geometries.## Close-evaluation of layer potentials

The close-evaluation problem in boundary integral methods refers to large errors incurred when evaluating layer potentials at points near the boundary of the domain despite being accurate elsewhere in the domain. When using a high order Nyström method to numerically evaluate a layer potential, its high order accuracy will be effective for nearly all points in the domain. However, at close-evaluation points, this quadrature rule will produce an O(1) error. The goal is to address this error using asymptotic analysis of the nearly singular behavior.

Close evaluation for acoustic scattering. Left: standard Nyström method (O(1) close to the boundary). Right: asymptotic method with deferred correction.

## Light scattering by nano-particles

The study light scattering by metal nano-particles situated closely over a substrate is a fundamental problem for understanding the extent to which controlling optical fields on the nanoscale leads to desired effects at macroscopic scales where measurements are taken. Because these metal nano-particles are situated closely to a substrate,surface plasmons interact strongly with the substrate surface. To design an efficient numerical method, we combine several techniques such as multi-scale finite element method, boundary integral equations, and asymptotic analysis.

Light scattering by a triangular nano-particle. Left: over a perfect conductor. Right: without a substrate.